How to install ImageMagick in ea-php and alt-php
To install ImageMagick, you can run below command via Terminal as a root user for both ea-php and alt-php
yum install ImageMagick ImageMagick-devel -y
FYI :- These packages will be installed by default on cPanel 92 and later.
For ea-php, you can follow below steps to install the ImageMagick PHP Extension from command line :-
- To find the binaries for PECL for all versions of PHP that you have installed:
find /opt/cpanel/ -iname pecl | grep bin
- Run below command for each version of ea-php that needs to make use of the extension (For eg: PHP 7.3)
- You can replace ea-php73 based on the PHP version. ea-php71 for PHP 7.1, ea-php72 for PHP 7.2 etc)
/opt/cpanel/ea-php73/root/usr/bin/pecl install imagick
- CageFS needs to be updated after installing ImageMagick for ea-php on CloudLinux servers. You can run this inside of a screen session:
screen -S updateCageFS cagefsctl -u
From WHM, you can do the same by following below steps.
- Log in to your WHM as the root user.
- Go to Home »Software »Module Installers.
- On the right of “PHP Pecl”, click on the Manage link.
- Select the PHP version from the drop-down menu, and click Apply.
- Enter “imagick” (without the quotes) on the box under “Install a PHP Pecl”
- Click “Install Now”.
- For CloudLinux servers, you will need to update the cage by following below step
Home >> Plugins >> CageFS User Manager >> click on the “Update CageFS Skeleton” button on the bottom right.
For alt-php, the ImageMagick installed and working by default in alt-php. The below steps required to install and enable alt-php for a cPanel user.
- If CageFS is not installed on the server, you can run below commands from commandline as a root user to set it up.
yum install cagefs /usr/sbin/cagefsctl --init /usr/sbin/cagefsctl --enable-all
- If CageFS is already installed and working, you can run below command, where “username” is the name of your cPanel user:
/usr/sbin/cagefsctl --enable username
- To install alt-php, you run below commands :-
yum groupinstall alt-php
yum update cagefs lvemanager
- Set the version of alt-php that the cPanel user should have:
/usr/bin/selectorctl --summary /usr/bin/selectorctl --set-user-current=7.3 --user=username
- ImageMagick is available for alt-php versions 5.1 and up.
- In some cases, you may need to update the CageFS skeleton using cagefsctl -u
- You can run below commands as a root user to create a PHP-info file, then check it for the ImageMagick extension. You can use same commands for both ea-php and alt-php
echo "<?php phpinfo();" > /home/username/public_html/phpinfo.php chown username:username /home/username/public_html/phpinfo.php chmod 0644 /home/username/public_html/phpinfo.php lynx --dump http://domain.tld/phpinfo.php | grep -i "imagick module"
Replace “username” with the cPanel user and domain.tld with corresponding domain name
- You can also test the actual functionality of the ImageMagick plugin by creating this PHP file.
<?php $image = new Imagick(); $image->newImage(1, 1, new ImagickPixel('#ffffff')); $image->setImageFormat('png'); $pngData = $image->getImagesBlob(); echo strpos($pngData, "\x89PNG\r\n\x1a\n") === 0 ? 'Ok' : 'Failed'; echo "\n";
Warning :- We recommend that only experienced system administrators perform the steps in this article.
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